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Brazil Tours

Tijuca National Park

Brazil / Travel & Tours – The Tijuca National Park is an integral protection conservation unit of the Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Together with Serra da Cantareira in São Paulo it is considered the world's largest urban forest (see map).

Due to intensive deforestation, erosion and rainfall decrease, caused by the cultivation of sugar cane and coffee, from the 17th to the 19th century, Rio de Janeiro's water supply dried up to such extent, that King Don Pedro II, in 1861, decided to reforest Tijuca. Within 10 years, engineer M. G. Archer and 6 slaves replanted more than 40.000 native species.

The Tijuca National Park is today operating like a natural air condition for Rio de Janeiro reducing the city’s medium temperature by approximately 9 degrees. Tijuca's main ecotourism attractions comprise guided tours to the Corcovado / Christ statue, hiking trails to Pico da Tijcua, Pedra da Gávea and Pedra Bonita, more than 30 waterfalls and over 330 plant- and up to 100 animal species – Mountain Bike Tours / Brazil.

See also: Trails / Tours / Map / Climate / Photos

Creation Date:

 06/07/1961

Location:

 S 22º 30’ /  W 44º 39’

Area:

 3.200 ha

Elevation:

 0 - 1.020 m

Climate:

 Af

Biome:

 Atlantic Rainforest / (Mata Atlântica)

Ecosystems / Vegetation:

  Tropical Rainforest

Altitudinal Zones:

  Submontane / Montane

Peaks:

 Pico da Tijuca (1.020 m)
             Pedra da Gávea (842 m)
             Pedra Bonita (696 m)