Brazil Tours / Amazon – The Amazon Rainforest
is one of Brazil's
travel & tour
For those travellers who have a lot of time (and money), allowing them to spend weeks on some of the boots on the Amazon river,
certainly will provide a unique travel experience.
For all the others, a tour in the Atlantic Rainforest
/ (Mata Atlântica
) might be an interesting alternative.
The different aspects of this fascinating ecoregion can be dividet into:
area / location
geology / geomorphology
, climate and soils
, ecosystems / vegetation
Area / Location
The Amazon rainforest occupies 5% of the worlds surface and 40% of South America
4,2 million square kilometers (61%) cover about half of Brazil in its north region
In the south it connects to the Cerrado
Geology / Geomorphology
The geology of the Amazon region
is pretty diversified, involving both
of the Amazon Basin
rocks of the Amazon Craton.
Its relief is composed of ondulated plateaus with elevations up to 300 m (40% of the area) such as plains and depressions (60%).
Climate / Soils
The Amazon rainforest falls into the tropical climate zone
Its climate is hot and humid, with medium temperatures around 25°C and torrential rainfall during the whole year. The mayority of its soils (75%)
are characterized by high levels of acidity and low fertility. Less than 10% of the biome has fertile soils and a good drainage system.
Ecosystems / Vegetation
The ecosystems of the Amazon Rainforest
can be divided into aquatic ecosystems such as
and terrestrial ecosystems such as terra firme
Its flora and vegetation
is composed of
pioneer formations, dense and open tropical rainforest, savannah, steppe - savannah and secondary vegetation.
Biodiversity / Fauna
The Amazon rainforest is considered the largest biodiversity reserve on Earth, sheltering more than half of all life species.
So far, in its fauna have been registeres about 1.400 fishes, 520 amphibians, 550 reptiles, 1.000 birds and over 300 mammals.
Travel & Tours / Ecotourism
The national parks
, Cabo Orange
(World Heritage Site
, Pico da Neblina
, Serra da Cutia
etc. are the most indicated places for your Amazon rainforest eco adventure tour.