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Serra da Mantiqueira

Brazil Travel / Tours – The Serra da Mantiqueira Environmental Protection Area is a sustainable use conservation unit of the Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve, in the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. Among others, it includes the colonial nucleus Visconde de Mauá, the Itatiaia National Park and Campos do Jordão State Park (see map).

The Mantiqueira mountain chain is of Cenozoic origin (see geology) and parallels the coastal Serra do Mar for about 320 km. It is limited to the northwest by the Paraná Basin and to the southeast by the Upper Paraíba Valley.

Serra da Mantiqueira's flora and fauna is extremely rich and divided according to altitudinal zones. There is tropical rainforest up to 1.500 m and seasonal rainforest between 1.500 to 2.000 m, with significant concentrations of of Araucária trees. Above 2.000 m occur the so-called "Campos de Altitude" or altitude fields.

Serra da Mantiqueira became a center for ecotourism in southeast Brazil, principally for outdoor activities, such as hiking / trekking and mountain bike tours – Travel & Tours / Brazil.

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