Biome Mata Atlântica / Brazil – Travel to the Mata Atlântica
when you are interested in the most diverse of the Brazilian biomes
the place where Brazil's history
began and a great ecotourism and adventure tour destination.
Area / Location
Brazil's third largest biome has a size of more than 1 million square kilometers, stretching about 4.000 km along the Atlantic coast between Rio Grande do Norte
and Rio Grande do Sul.
and South region
Geology / Geomorphology
The Mata Atlântica occurs on Precambrian
rocks of the oriental part of the Atlantic Shield
, including the
São Francisco Craton
and the geotectonic provinces
It is the only Brazilian biome with significant mountains, standing out the
Serra do Mar
and the Continental Southeast Rift
Peaks close to 3.000 height meters represent the highest elevations in East South America
Climate / Soils
The climate of the Mata Atlântica
is influenced by the solar radiation of the
and by the humid air masses coming from the Atlantic Ocean.
It is characterized by two seasons
; one warm and humid
from November to March (summer) and the other one cool and dry from May to August (winter).
eihter derive from terrestrial sedimentation
on the top of mountains and hills, mountain escarpments or feet of the mountains or from marine / fluvial - marine sedimentation at the coastal plains.
Ecosystems / Vegetation / Altitudinal Zones
The biome Mata Atlântica is composed of 9
with up to 5
(dense, open and mixed),
(semidecidual and decidual) and
Flora / Fauna / Biodiversity
The extraordinary biodiversity
of the flora
of this biome is the result of its geological history,
its tropical / subtropical position, strong climate changes of the past and significant height differences.
Additionally coastal rainforests are richer in terms of biodiversity as inland ones
(for instance the Amazon Rainforest
The Speleological Province
Upper Ribeira Valley
with the PETAR
protect the largest number (about 300) of karstcaves
History / Culture
In addition to its natural beauty, the Mata Atlântica exposes some significant cultural sites, such as
Serra do Mar
Serra da Bocaina
According to Conservation International
, the Mata Atlântica belongs to the top 5
It comprises the second largest
in the world and about 600 of Brazil's 900
The Atlantic Rainforest
South - East
became part of the
UNESCO - World Heritage
List in 1992.