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Mata Atlântica Tours

Altitudinal Zones

altitudinal zones mata atlântica rainforest brazil
Brazil Travel / Mata Atlântica – Our tour guides are trained to explain the importance of height differences, one important reason for the extraordinary biodiversity of the Atlantic Rainforest.

Due to different soil and climate conditions, species and species distribution change with different altitudes (Even at a constant altitude, vegetation changes according to stratums).

Therefore, the tropical and seasonal rainforest ecosystems of the Mata Atlântica can be divided into finer subunits, so-called altitudinal zones (see also IBGE):



    5° - 16° S   16° - 24° S   > 24° S
High Montane   > 2.000 m   > 1.500 m   > 1.000 m
Montane   600 m - 2.000 m   500 m - 1.500 m   400 m - 1.000 m
Submontane   100 m - 600 m   50 m - 500 m   30 m - 400 m
Lowland   5 m - 100 m   5 m - 50 m   5 m - 30 m
Alluvial   azonal azonal azonal