Adventure Travel / Brazil – Biosphere Reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems, promoting solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. They are internationally recognized by the UNESCO MaB Program, nominated by national governments and remain under sovereign jurisdiction of the states where they are located. Today, the World Biosphere Network is made up of 482 sites in 102 countries.
The Brazilian Biosphere Network was created in 1995 and contains actually six biosphere reserves: Mata Atlântica including the São Paulo City Green Belt, Pantanal, Amazon, Cerrado, Caatinga and the Espinhaço Range.The Atlantic Rainforest / (Mata Atlântica) was designated the first Brazilian Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1992. With circa 300.000 sqkm, it is after North - East Greenland in Denmark, the second largest biosphere reserve on Earth. It contains 4 of the 7 Brazilian Natural World Heritage Sites and circa 600 of the 900 conservation units – Brazil Travel / Tours.