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Amazon Rainforest


amazon rainforest vegetation flora
Amazon Tours / Brazil – Vegetation and flora of the Amazon Rainforest biome can be divided into Campinarana, dense and open Tropical Rainforest, Pioneer Formations, Savannah (Cerrado), Steppe - Savannah (Caatinga) and secondary vegetation.


Campirana is a type of vegetation which is restricted to the upper Rio Negro, in the northern Amazon region. It is subjected to an ombrophilous climate, characterized by sudden, strong rainfalls (about 4.000 mm / year) and high temperatures (average > 25°C). Due to the lack of nutrients in the soil, it is characterized by a tall and thin vegetation that occurs in depressed, mostly swamped areas. A tipical species of Campinarana is the palmeirinha or piaçabarana (Barcella odora).

Dense Tropical Rainforest

The dense tropical or ombrophilous rainforest (floresta ombrófila densa) is the predominant vegetation of the Amazon rainforest. It occurs as alluvial (see also: ecosystems) and lowland rainforest in the Amazon Basin and as submontane rainforest on the scarps and ondulated plains of the Guianas and Guaporé highlands (see also: geology).

Open Tropical Rainforest

Simplified, the open tropical rainforest (floresta ombrófila aberta) is a transitional vegetation between the Amazon and the Cerrado. It is characterized by more spacious trees with a less dense canopy stratum. It occurs in tropical climate, with a long dry season of up to 4 month and average temperatures of about 25°C – Brazil Travel / Tours.