Brazil Adventure Tours / Amazon – Vegetation and flora of the Amazon Rainforest biome
can be divided into
, Savannah (Cerrado
Steppe - Savannah (Caatinga
) and secondary vegetation.
is a type of vegetation which is restricted to the upper Rio Negro, in the northern Amazon region.
It is subjected to an ombrophilous climate, characterized by sudden, strong rainfalls (about 4.000 mm / year) and high temperatures (average > 25°C).
Due to the lack of nutrients in the soil, it is characterized by a tall and thin vegetation that occurs in depressed, mostly swamped areas.
A tipical species of Campinarana is the palmeirinha
Dense Tropical Rainforest
The dense tropical or ombrophilous rainforest (floresta ombrófila densa
) is the predominant vegetation of the Amazon rainforest.
It occurs as alluvial
(see also: ecosystems
rainforest in the Amazon Basin
rainforest on the scarps and ondulated plains of the
highlands (see also: geology
Open Tropical Rainforest
Simplified, the open tropical rainforest (floresta ombrófila aberta
) is a transitional vegetation between the Amazon and the Cerrado.
It is characterized by more spacious trees with a less dense canopy stratum.
It occurs in tropical
climate, with a long dry season of up to 4 month and average temperatures
of about 25°C – Adventure Travel / Brazil.