COP-8 Curitiba Brasil COP-8 Curitiba Brasil COP-8 Curitiba Brasilien

Biological Diversity

COP8 Curitiba - Brazil

Brazil / Travel & Tours – The eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP8) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was held March 21 - 30, 2006 in Curitiba, Brazil. The CBD was signed by 150 government leaders at the Earth Summit, held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992.

The parties committed to achieve a significant reduction of the current rate of biodiversity loss at the global and national level as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to the benefit of all life on Earth. Specifically, the parties agreed to have at least 10% of each of the world's ecological regions effectively conserved until 2010.

According to a report presented by the United Nations during the opening of the COP8, most countries are far away from this objective. Actually, about 60% of the total 825 terrestrial ecoregions in the world have less than 10% of legally protected areas. In 140 ecoregions (17%) less than 1% of their total area is legally protected. With regard to marine and coastal ecosystems, the situation is even worse, only 0.6 – 1.4 % of their total area is legally protected until today.

Unfortunately, the situation in Brazil is no different from the global scenario. Despite the Amazon, Brazil's largest biome, with about 11,7 % of its total area effectively protected, in the other biomes Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Rainforest / (Mata Atlântica), Pantanal and Pampa, only 2 – 2.5 % of their total area is actually effectively protected.

Also, little results have been achieved regarding the creation of a global network of protected areas, bio-piracy or the fair sharing of benefits gained through the exploitation of biodiversity resources to the poor countries such as the protection of traditional knowledge of indigenous and local communities.

The COP8 in Curitiba showed once more the complexity and diversity of the different interests with regard to environmental issues, which probably is as high as the biological diversity itself. Considering that there are only 4 years left to achieve the 2010 targets, it is only to hope that the COP9 2008 in Germany will bring better results – Eco Adventure Tours / Brazil.